Reproductive Health-Menstrual Hygiene Management
DEEP Health program provides preventive and curative services to the communities at grassroots level as Health facilities are inadequate in the rural localities. The majority of people in Pakistan do not have access to basic health care because of inadequate health amenities. The health indicators of women in Pakistan are among the worst in the world. It is one of the few countries where women’s life expectancy is lower than that of men. Keeping in view the poor health scenario, need of the hour is to find out such problems and give their remedies.
Menstruation is a natural process in women’s life but due to illiteracy, ignorance about religious teachings, poverty, socio-cultural trends and negligence regarding psychological health and poor health facilities, the matter is not as properly dealt with as it ought to be. Expensive sanitary materials, unavailability of soap and sufficient water, inexistence of toilets and incinerators especially in rural areas contribute a lot in negative consequences of menstrual hygiene mismanagement.
Adolescence is defined as the stage of life when individuals reach sexual maturity. This is the time when adolescents experience a change in their physical, social, and emotional aspects of life. In order to effectively deal with this transition, they require information and a clear picture of their bodily changes to prevent them from physical problems, guilt, ambiguity, and confusion. Therefore, reproductive health of the young people is a growing concern today and is considered a corner stone of health and a major determinant of human social development.
Pakistan comprises of 16.5 and 25 million of adolescents aged 10 to 15 years and 15 to 24 years respectively. The proportion of female adolescents of age 10-14 and 15-19 is 9 million and 6.5 million respectively. Two third of the said population live in urban areas and remaining live in rural areas. Yet research surrounding adolescents’ reproductive issues remain limited, primarily due to the social taboos restricting open discussion of the topic especially among the young group. Limited literature shows that people of Pakistan generally and adolescent group specially have limited access to puberty related health education and services. Keeping in view DEEP is running awareness campaigns on Menstruation problems among girls and their remedies in Sharaqpur sharif and Lahore community including college girls with the help of DEEP team and LHVs and lady doctors.
During sessions hand outs and material like pads were distributed. Aim of the campaign was to keep the environment particularly free from reproductive problems and generally to keep hygienic and ailments free community. For the purpose awareness sessions were done with community giving awareness about wrong myths related reproductive health, prevention and cure among married and unmarried women, and all this was done after survey of the area in which different health issues were come to light like breast cancer, menstruation problem.